Fawnia Lucas December 4, 2019 Alphabet
set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language. In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence (e.g., A, B, C, etc.).
To the west, seeds were sown among the peoples who later constituted the nation of Hellas—the Greeks. As a result, an alphabet developed with four main branches: the so-called Canaanite, or main branch, subdivided into Early Hebrew and Phoenician varieties;the Aramaic branch the South Semitic, or Sabaean, branch; and the Greek alphabet, which became the progenitor of the Western alphabets, including the Etruscan and the Latin. The Canaanite and Aramaic branches constitute the North Semitic main branch.
In default of other direct evidence, it is reasonable to suppose that the actual prototype of the alphabet was not very different from the writing of the earliest North Semitic inscriptions now extant, which belong to the last two or three centuries of the 2nd millennium bce. The North Semitic alphabet was so constant for many centuries that it is impossible to think that there had been any material changes in the preceding two to three centuries. Moreover, the North Semitic languages, based as they are on a consonant root (i.e., a system in which the vowels serve mainly to indicate grammatical or similar changes), were clearly suitable for the creation of a consonant alphabet.
Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about 200 years before the middle of the 2nd millennium bce, alphabet making was in the air in the Gyro-Palestinian region. It is idle to speculate on the meaning of the various discoveries referred to. That they manifest closely related efforts is certain; what the exact relationship among these efforts was, and what their relationship with the North Semitic alphabet was, cannot be said with certainty.
The word alphabet, from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet—alpha and beta—was first used, in its Latin form, alphabet, by Tertullian (2nd–3rd century ce), a Latin ecclesiastical writer and Church Father, and by St. Jerome. The Classical Greeks customarily used the plural of to grammar (“the letter”); the later form alphabet was probably adopted under Latin influence.
It is difficult to overestimate the importance of the Phoenician alphabet in the history of writing. The earliest definitely readable inscription in the North Semitic alphabet is the so-called Ahiram inscription found at Byblos in Phoenicia (now Lebanon), which probably dates from the 11th century bce. There is, however, no doubt that the Phoenician use of the North Semitic alphabet went farther back. By being adopted and then adapted by the Greeks, the North Semitic, or Phoenician, alphabet became the direct ancestor of all Western alphabets.
Tag Cloudhyena coloring page printable shark pictures danganronpa coloring pages llama coloring sheet cute chibi coloring pages safari animals coloring pages armadillo coloring page cheetah coloring snake coloring sheet blue whale coloring page detailed animal coloring pages fish coloring book cow coloring sheet sea otter coloring page penguin pictures to color monkey colouring pictures animal alphabet coloring pages kawaii animals coloring pages panda pictures to color sailor moon coloring cute coloring pages to print printable farm animal pictures african animals coloring pages printable elephant pictures elephant mandala coloring pages deer pictures to color fox coloring pictures rabbit pictures to colour porcupine coloring page macaw coloring page christmas cat coloring pages free printable animal pictures tortoise colouring pages kitty pictures to color reindeer pictures to color goat coloring parrot coloring cheetah pictures to color tarantula coloring page hermit crab coloring page spider pictures to color dinosaur colouring images animal printouts woodland animal coloring pages snake pictures to color koala bear coloring page